Open access content often necessitates the licensing of that content. For this reason, a non-profit organization known as Creative Commons has been created to provide users with free legal tools which enable their work to be licensed on multiple platforms. Creative Commons mostly aims to grant users more manageable copyright licenses (see graphic below for complete list). These are often centered around the user's own sharing prerogatives--known as the "some rights reserved" model--to help disseminate their work with better feasibility. Other legal and technical tools are provided to help facilitate this task. The CC0 license and Public Domain Mark, for example, license works for unrestricted copyright use or ensure documentation for works that are already in the public domain.
Creative Commons is designed to work specifically in conjunction with web-based communication. In this way, it often helps to bridge the gap between traditional publishing license requirements and the open content sharing capabilities. See the below articles about its influence on the changes in publishing:
In addition to furnishing users with licensing tools, Creative Commons participates in various open access and open sourcing projects. One of these is Open Science. It encourages the open collaboration and contribution of scientific researchers under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods. Creative Commons has even developed the Science Commons subsection in an attempt to integrate what it calls "fragmented information sources" within the Open Science platform. Science Commons strives for an "open data" protocol for the maintenance and use of data from disparate sources. In doing this, it develops various standardized contracts and legal tools to accommodate the importation and dissemination of various data sources.
In order to accommodate all the content using its copyright licenses, Creative Commons has set up partnerships with various open access services. These include the Directory of Open Access Journals and Figshare, on online data management portal for academic institutions. Figshare stores data from the user's research, but it also offers access to various data sets, posters, presentations, and information modules from their own repository.